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SRS SR810 DSP Lock-in Amplifier, 102kHz

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Product Code: 14977
Manufacturer: Stanford Research Systems

  • 1 mHz to 102 kHz frequency range

  • Magnitude display only

  • 100 dB dynamic reserve without pre-filtering

  • Auto-gain, phase and reserve

  • Time constants from 10 µs to 30 ks

  • 6, 12, 18, 24 dB/oct rolloff

  • Harmonic detection (2F, 3F, ..., nF)

  • Standard GPIB and RS-232 interfaces

Lambda Exclusive Promotion:
Additional 12 months warranty for free (2 years total) via our UK Service Centre.

The Stanford Research Systems SR810 and SR830 are part of the SRS family of DSP lock-in amplifiers. Using the same revolutionary DSP technology pioneered by SRS in the SR850 Lock-In Amplifier, the SR810 and SR830 deliver unmatched digital performance at a price below that of most conventional lock-in amplifiers. While sharing most features and specifications, the SR810 and SR830 differ in a few important respects. In particular, the SR830 has two data displays, allowing the simultaneous display of X and Y, or R and Θ, while the SR810 has only a single data display (although the SR810 allows access to all parameters, including X,Y, R and Θ over the computer interfaces.)

Digital Demodulator
The heart of the SR810 and SR830, like any lock-in amplifier, is the demodulator, which multiplies the input signal by the reference signal and filters the result. The demodulator of the SR810 and SR830 is a DSP processor capable of performing 16 million 24-bit multiplications and additions every second. In the case of the SR810 and SR830 the input is digitised at 256 kHz by a precision 18-bit A/D convertor. It is this digital demodulation technique which is at the root of so many of the SR810 and SR830's performance advantages. The digital technique eliminates the drift, distortion, and aging that are inherent in all analog demodulation designs and allow the SR810 and SR830 to achieve up to 100 dB of dynamic reserve. Dynamic reserve, a key figure of merit for lock-in amplifiers, is a specification often mentioned by lock-in manufacturers without offering a precise definition. At Stanford Research Systems Systems, dynamic reserve is defined as follows:

The dynamic reserve of a lock-in amplifier at a given full-scale input voltage is the ratio (in dB) of the Largest Interfering Signal to the full-scale input voltage. The Largest Interfering Signal is defined as the amplitude of the largest signal at any frequency that can be applied to the input before the lock-in cannot measure a signal with its specified accuracy.

It is always important to keep in mind that many manufacturers do not use this conservative definition of dynamic reserve. Figures may be quoted for interfering signals that are outside the frequency range of the instrument and therefore easier to reject. Some manufacturers define the largest interfering signal as that necessary to overload the instrument, at which point the lock-ins output accuracy may be so degraded as to make the reading useless, The SR810 and SR830 both have up to 100 dB of true available dynamic reserve.

Digital Filtering
The digital signal processor also handles the task of output filtering, allowing time constants from 10 µs to 30,000 s to be selected, with a choice of 6, 12, 18 and even 24 dB/oct filter rolloff. For low frequency measurements (below 200 Hz), synchronous filters can be engaged to notch out multiples of the reference frequency. Since the harmonics of the reference have been eliminated (notably 2F), effective output filtering can be achieved with much shorter time constants. This is particularly useful at low frequencies, where the proximity of 2f components to the signal frequency often forces users of conventional analog lock-ins to employ very long time constants and consequently extend measurement times.

Digital Phase Shifting
The clumsy analog phase shifting circuits found in conventional lock-ins have been replaced in the SR810 and SR830 with a precise numerical calculation performed by the DSP processor. This allows phase to be measured with 0.01° resolution and the X and Y outputs to be orthogonal to 0.001°. This represents a significant improvement over analog instruments.

Frequency Synthesiser
The built-in direct digital synthesis (DDS) source generates a very low distortion (-80 dBc) reference signal. Single frequency sinewaves can be generated from 1 mHz to 102 kHz with 4 1/2 digits of frequency resolution. Both frequency and amplitude can be set from the front panel or from a computer. When using an external reference, the synthesised source is phase locked to the reference signal.

Easy Operation
Unlike some lock-in amplifiers, the SR810 and SR830 are simple to use. All instrument functions are set from the front panel keypad, and a spin knob is provided to quickly adjust parameters. The SR830 has two data displays which can be quickly configured to show X, Y, R, Θ, Xnoise, Ynoise or either of the two aux inputs. The SR810 has a single data display. Both the SR810 and SR830 have an additional LED display which can be set to display the reference frequency, phase, or amplitude.

Up to nine different instrument configurations can be stored in non-volatile RAM for fast and easy instrument setup. Standard RS-232 and GPIB interfaces provide communication with computers. All functions can be controlled and read through the interfaces.

Auto Gain, Phase and Offset
Auto-functions allow parameters needing frequent adjustment to automatically be set by the instrument. Gain, phase, offset and dynamic reserve are each quickly optimised with a single key press. The offset and expand features are useful when examining small fluctuations in a measurement. The input signal is quickly nulled with the auto-offset function, and resolution is increased by expanding around the relative value by up to 100 times. Harmonic detection is no longer limited to the 2F component. Digital design allows any harmonic (2F, 3F, ... nF) up to 102 kHz to be measured without changing the reference frequency.

Input Channel
The SR810 and SR830 both have a fully differential input with only 6 nV/√Hz of input noise at 1 kHz and an input impedance of 10 MΩ. The minimum full scale input voltage is is 2 nV, and the lock-ins both include a current input amplifier with a switchable gain of 106 or 108 Volts/Amp. Line (50 Hz or 60 Hz) and 2x line filters are included to reduce line related interference, and the SR810's and SR830's digital architecture eliminate the need for input bandpass filters. Digital design makes it possible to obtain 100 dB of dynamic reserve without the noise and phase error introduced by input bandpass filters.

Analog Inputs and Outputs
Both instruments have a user-defined output for measuring X, R, X-noise, Aux1, Aux 2 or the ratio of the input signal to an external voltage. The SR830 has a second user-defined output that measures Y, Θ, Y-noise, Aux 3, Aux 4 or ratio. The SR810 and SR830 both have X and Y analog outputs (rear panel) that are updated at 256 kHz. Four auxiliary 16-bit inputs are provided for general purpose use and can be read from the front panel or the computer interface. Four programmable 16-bit outputs provide voltages from -10.5 V to +10.5 V and can be set via the front panel or computer interfaces.

Digital Performance
Like their predecessor, the SR850, the SR810 and SR830 offer performance unmatched by any analog lock-in. Both offer 100 dB of true dynamic reserve without the need for input prefiltering. Both offer time constants from 10 µs to 30 ks with 6, 12, 18 and 24 dB/octave filter rolloff. And both include a precision synthesised reference source with 25 ppm frequency accuracy and

Internal Memory
The SR810 has an 8,000 point memory buffer for recording the time history of a measurement at rates up to 512 samples/sec. The SR830 has two 16,000 point buffers to simultaneously record two measurements, like R and Θ. Data is transferred from the buffers using the computer interfaces. A trigger input is also provided to externally synchronise data recording.

Absolute Value
The SR810 and SR830 DSP Lock-In Amplifiers from Stanford Research Systems Systems offer outstanding performance, features, and value. Specification by specification, feature by feature, no other lock-in can compare.

Additional Information

Signal Channel  
Voltage inputs Single-ended or differential
Sensitivity 2 nV to 1 V
Current input 106; or 108; V/A
Input impedance:  
Voltage input 10 MΩ + 25 pF, AC or DC coupled
Current input 1 kΩ to virtual ground
Gain accuracy ±1 % (±0.2 % typ.)
Noise 6 nV/√Hz at 1 kHz
  0.13 pA/√Hz at 1 kHz (106] V/A)
  0.013 pA/√Hz at 100 Hz (108] V/A)
Line filters 50/60 Hz and 100/120 Hz (Q=4)
CMRR 100 dB at 10 kHz, decreasing by 6 dB/oct above 10 kHz
Dynamic reserve >100 dB (without prefilters)
Reference Channel  
Frequency range 0.001 Hz to 102.4 kHz
Reference input TTL or sine (400 mVpp min.)
Input impedance 1 MΩ, 25 pF
Phase resolution 0.01° front panel,0.008° through computer interfaces
Absolute phase error <1°
Relative phase error <0.001°
Orthogonality 90° ± 0.001°
Phase noise:  
Int. reference Synthesized, <0.0001° rms at 1 kHz
Ext. reference 0.005° rms at 1 kHz, 100 ms, 12 dB/oct
Phase drift <0.01°/°C below 10 kHz,
  <0.1°/°C, 10 kHz to 100 kHz
Harmonic detection 2F, 3F, ... nF to 102 kHz (n<19,999)
Acquisition time (2 cycles + 5 ms) or 40 ms, whichever is greater
Digital outputs and display no drift
Analog outputs  
Harmonic rejection -90 dB
Time constants 10 µs to 30 ks (6, 12, 18, 24 dB/oct rolloff). Synchronous filtering available below 200 Hz.
Internal Oscillator  
Range 1 mHz to 102 kHz
Accuracy 25 ppm + 30 µHz
Frequency resolution 4½ or 0.1 mHz whichever is greater
Distortion -80 dBc (f < 10 kHz)
  -70 dBc (f > 10 kHz) at 1 Vrms amplitude
Amplitude 0.004 to 5 Vrms into 10 kΩ (2 mV resolution), 50 Ω output impedance, 50mA maximum current into 50 Ω
Amplitude accuracy 1%
Amplitude stability 50 ppm/°C
Outputs Sine and TTL (when using an external reference, both outputs are phase locked to the external reference)
Sweeps Linear and log
Channel 4½-digit LED display with 40-segment LED bar graph. X, R, X-noise, Aux 1 or Aux 2. The display can also be any of these quantities divided by Aux 1 or Aux 2.
Offset X, Y, R can be offset up to ±105 % of full scale.
Expand X, Y, R can be expanded by 10× or 100×.
Reference 64½-digit LED display
Inputs and Outputs  
CH1 output ±10 V output of X, R, X-noise, Aux 1 or Aux 2. Updated at 512 Hz.
X, Y outputs In-phase and quadrature components
Rear panel ±10 V, updated at 256 kHz
Aux. A/D inputs 4 BNC inputs, 1 mV resolution, ±10 V, sampled at 512 Hz
Aux. D/A outputs 4 BNC outputs, 1 mV resolution, ±10 V
Sine out Internal oscillator analog output
TTL out Internal oscillator TTL output
Data buffer 8k point buffer. Data is recorded at rates to 512 Hz and read through the computer interfaces
Trigger In (TTL)) Trigger synchronizes data recording
Remote pre-amp Provides power to the optional SR550, SR552 and SR554 preamps
Interfaces IEEE-488.2 and RS-232 interfaces standard. All instrument functions can be controlled and read through IEEE-488.2 or RS-232 interfaces.
Power 40 W, 100/120/220/240 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Dimensions 17" × 5.25" × 19.5" (WHL)
Weight 23 lbs.
Warranty One year parts and labor on defects in materials and workmanship

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